Ox-eye Daisy - Leucanthemum vulgare (Plant)

Ox-eye Daisy - Leucanthemum vulgare (Plant)


Ox-eye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare) is part of the daisy family (Asteraceae). It is a perennial herb from Europe that spreads mainly by seed but also has shallow creeping roots called rhizomes.  This plant is the backbone of my meadow garden.  The white daisy flower swaying in the breeze gives the meadow garden its charm and whimsy.


Not to be confused with the Shasta daisy which has a root ball, while ox-eye daisy has a creeping root system.


It is important to note that this plant needs to be kept under control either by dead heading or by removing unwanted plants.  The Scotts, who called them “gools,” made the unfortunate farmer whose wheat fields had the most ox-eye daisies pay an extra tax.  


Ox-eye daisy is drought and frost tolerant, flowering in spring and summer and grows to approx 70cm in height.  It is an excellent cut flower that brings the beneficial insects to your garden.  Pinch back young daisy plants to keep them bushy.  The plants prefer a rich, well-drained, evenly moist soil and full sun. 


Culinary note: The young leaves, flowers and flower buds are edible.

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